Sunday, June 3, 2012

Course Outline in Constitutional Law 1


2012 REVISED COURSE OUTLINE IN CONSTITUTIONAL LAW 1
Prepared by Atty. Ramel C. Muria


I.    DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES AND STATE POLICIES

Basic Principles
Tanada v. Angara, GR 119295, May 2, 1997
Mejoff v. Director of Prisons, 90 SCRA 71
Kuroda v. Jalandoni, 83 Phil. 171
Razon, Jr. v. Tagitis, 606 SCRA 598
Province of North Cotabato v. GRP Peace Panel, 568 SCRA  402
Bayan Muna v. Romulo, 641 SCRA 244
Collector of Internal Revenue v. Rueda, 42 SCRA 23
Bacani v. Nacoco, 100 Phil. 408, November 29, 1956
ACCFA v. CUGCO, 30 SCRA 649
Reagan v. Commission of Internal Revenue, 30 SCRA 968
Co Kim Cham v. Valdez Tan Key, 75 Phil. 130
People v. Perfecto, 43 Phil. 887
People v. Casipit, GR 88229, May 31, 1994
In re Letter of Associate Justice Puno, 210 SCRA 589
Republic v. Sandiganbayan, GR 104768, July 21, 2003
People v. Lagman, 66 Phil. 13
People v. Manayao, 78 Phil. 72
Oposa v. Factoran, Jr., 224 SCRA 792
Manila Prince Hotel v. GSIS, GR 122156, February 3, 1997


II.   STATE IMMUNITY FROM SUIT

Republic v. Villasor, 54 SCRA 83
Metran v. Paredes, 79 Phil. 819
Providence Washington Insurance Co. v. Republic of the Philippines, 29 SCRA 598
Republic v. Purisima, 78 SCRA 470
Veterans Manpower and Protective Services, Inc. v. CA, 214 SCRA 286
Mobil Philippines v. Customs Arrastre Service, 18 SCRA 1120
Calub and Valencia v. Court of Appeals, GR 115634, April 27, 2000
Festejo v. Fernando, 94 Phil. 504
Ministerio v. CFI, 40 SCRA 464
Baer v. Tizon, 57 SCRA 1
Suzette Nicolas v, Romulo, et al, GR 175888, February 11, 2009
Manila Hotel Employees Association v. Manila Hotel, 73 Phil. 374
Traders Royal Bank v. IAC, 192 SCRA 305
Delos Santos v. IAC, 223 SCRA 11
Santiago v. Republic, 87 SCRA 294
Republic v. Sandoval, 220 SCRA 124
Merritt v. Government of the Philippine Islands, 34 Phil. 311
Chavez v. Sandiganbayan, 193 SCRA 282

III.   SOCIAL JUSTICE AND HUMAN RIGHTS

Social Justice
Calalang v. Williams, 70 Phil. 726
Astudillo v. Board of Directors of PHHC, L-28066, September 22, 1976
Archbishop v. Secretary, GR 139285, December 21, 2007
Danan, et al v. CA, GR 132759, October 25, 2005
Luz Farms v. Secretary of Agrarian Reform, GR 86889, December 4, 1990
Santos v. Land Bank, GR 137431, September 7, 2000
Del Rosario v. Bengzon, GR 88265, December 21, 1989

Human Rights
CHR Employees v. CHR, GR 155336, July 21, 2006
Simon, Jr. v. Human Rights Commission, 229 SCRA 117
Carino v. CHR, GR 96681, December 2, 1991
Vinuya, et al. v. Executive Secretary, et al., GR 162230, April 28, 2010
SND v. Manalo, 606 SCRA 580
Razon v. Tagitis, see citation above

IV.   JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT

Judicial Power
Louis Barok Biraogo v. The Philippine Truth Commission, GR 192935, Dec.10, 2010
Esttrada v. Desierto, 353 SCRA 453
Manila Electric Co. v. Pasay Transportation Co.,  57 Phil. 600
Infotech Foundation, et al v. Comelec, GR 159139, January 13, 2004
Joya v. PCGG, 225 SCRA 568
Lozano, et al v. Macapagal-Arroyo, GR 146579, February 6, 2001
Kilsobayan v. Guingona, Jr., 232 SCRA 110
Oposa v. Factoran, Jr., 224 SCRA 792
Tatad v. Garcia, Jr., GR 114222, April 6, 1995
Gonzales v. Narvasa, GR 140835, August 14, 2000
Francisco, Jr. v. Nagmamalasakit na mga Manananggol, 415 SCRA 44

Political Questions
David v. PGMA, GR 182498, December 3, 2009
Tanada v. Cuenco,  103 Phil. 1051
Baker v. Carr, 369 US 186
Tanada v. Angara, GR 119295, May 2, 1997
Bayan v. Zamora, G.R. No. 138570, October 10, 2000, 342 SCRA 449
International Catholic Migration Commission v. Calleja, GR 85750, September 28, 1990
Javellana v. Executive Secretary,  50 SCRA 30
Fernandez v. Cuerva, 21 SCRA 1095

People v. Mateo, GR 147678-87, July 7, 2004
People v. Lagua, GR 170565, January 31, 2006
People v. Rocha and Ramos, GR 173797, August 31, 2007
Bustos v. Lucero, 81 Phil. 640

Qualifications and JBC
Cayetano v. Monsod, 201 SCRA 210
Kilosbayan v. Ermita, GR 177721, July 3, 2007
Topacio v. Justice Ong, GR 179895, December 18, 2008
De Castro, et al v. JBC, et al, GR 191002, March 17, 2010


V.   LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT

Legislative power
Garcia v. Commission on Elections, GR 111230, Sept. 30, 1994
Vera v. Avelino, 77 Phil. 192

Separation of powers
Angara v. Electoral Commission, 63 Phil. 139
Pangasinan Transportation Co. v. Public Service Commission, 70 Phil. 221
Bengzon v. Drilon, 208 SCRA 133
People’s Movement for Press Freedom v. Manglapus, GR 84642, Sept. 13, 1988
Tanada v. Cuenco, L-1052, February 28, 1957
Arroyo v. De Venecia, 277 SCRA 268

Non-delegability of legislative power
Pelaez v. Auditor General, 15 SCRA 569
People v. Vera, 65 Phil. 56
Philippine International Trading Corp. v. Angeles, GR 108461, 263 SCRA 421
U.S. v. Ang Tang Ho, 43 Phil. 1
Eastern Shipping Lines v. POEA, 166 SCRA 533
Tablarin v. Gutierrez, 152 SCRA 730
Tatad v. Secretary of Energy, GR 124360, November 5, 1997
Gerochi v. DENR, GR 159796, July 17, 2007
Chiongbian v. Orbos, GR 96754, June 22, 1995
People v. Dacuycuy, 173 SCRA 90
Solicitor General v. Metropolitan Manila Authority, GR 102782, Dec. 11, 1991
Abakada Guro, et al v. Hon. Cesar Purisima, et al, GR 166715, August 14, 2008
Rubi v. Provincial Board of Mindoro, 39 Phil. 660

Composition and Qualifications
Tobias v. Abalos, 239 SCRA 106
Mariano, Jr. V. Commission on Elections, GR 118627, March 7, 1995
Macias v. Comelec, 3 SCRA 1
Sema v. Comelec, GR 177597, July 16, 2008
Bagabuyo v. Commission on Elections, GR 176970, December 8, 2008
Social Justice Society v. Dangerous Drugs Board, et al, GR 157870
Veterans Federation Party, et al v. Comelec, GR 136781, October 6, 2000
BANAT  v. Comelec, et al, GR 179271, April 21, 2009
Gallego v. Verra, 73 Phil. 453
Faypon v. Quirino, 96 Phil. 294
Romualdez-Marcos v. Commission on Elections, GR 119976, September 18, 1995
Domino v. Comelec, GR 13015, July 19, 1999
Tolentino v. Comelec, GR 148334, January 21, 2004

Parliamentary Immunities
Marinez v. Morfe, 44 SCRA 22
People v. Jalosjos, GR 132875-78, February 3, 2000
Trillanes IV v. Pimentel, et al, GR 179817,    June 27, 2008
Osmena v. Pendatun, 109 Phil. 863
Gimenez v. Cabangbang, 17 SCRA 876

Inhibitions, Prohibitions, Organizations and Proceedings
Puyat v. De Guzman, 113 SCRA 31
Santiago v. Gunigona, GR 134577, November 18, 1998
Avelino v. Cuenco, 83 Phil. 17
Akejandrino v. Quezon, 16 Phil. 142
Paredes v. Sandiganbayan, GR 118364, August 10, 1995
US v. Pons, 34 Phil. 729
Mabanag v. Lopez-Vito, 78 Phil. 1
Arroyo v. De Venecia, GR 127255, June 26, 1988
Morales v. Subido, 27 SCRA 131
Astorga v. Villegas, 56 SCRA 714

Electoral Tribunal
Abbas v. Senate Electoral Tribunal, 166 SCRA 651
Bondoc v. Pineda, 201 SCRA 792
Angara v. Electoral Commission, 63 Phil. 139
Sanchez  v. Comelec,  153 SCRA 67
Chavez v. Comelec, 211 SCRA 315
Ocampo v. HRET, GR 158466, June 15, 2004
Lerias v. House Electoral Tribunal, 202 SCRA 808

Commission on Appointments
Guingona, Jr. v. Gonzales, 214 SCRA 789
Daza v. Singson, 180 SCRA 496

Legislative Investigations
Arnault v. Nazareno, 87 Phil. 29
Bengzon v. Senate Blue Ribbon Committee, 203 SCRA 767
Standard Charter v. Senate, GR 167173, December 27, 2007
Neri v. Senate, GR 180643, March 25, 2008
Garcillano v. Senate, GR 170338, December 28, 2008
Senate v. Ermita, GR 169777, April 20, 2006
Sabio v. Gordon, GR 174318, October 17, 2006

Lawmaking function
Tolentino v. Secretary of Finance, 235 SCRA 630
Pascual v. Secretary of Public Works, 110 Phil. 331
Central Capiz v. Ramirez, 40 Phil. 883
Alalayan v. National Power Corp., 24 SCRA 172
Tio v. Videogram Regulatory Board, GR 75697, June 18, 1987
Philippine Judges Association v. Prado, 227 SCRA  703
Miller v. Mardo 2 SCRA 398
Commissioner of Internal Revenue v. Court of Tax Appeals, 185 SCRA 329
Bengzon v. Drilon, 208 SCRA 133
Bolinao Electronics v. Valencia, 11 SCRA 486
Philconsa v. Enriquez, 235 SCRA 506
Gonzales v. Macaraig, Jr., 191 SCRA 452

Taxation and Fiscal Power
Commissioner of Internal Revenue v. Santos, GR 119252, August 18, 1997
Tan v. Del Rosario, Jr., 237 SCRA 324
Pepsi Cola Bottling Co. v. City of Butuan, 24 SCRA 789
Garcia v. Executive Secretary, 211 SCRA 219
Lung Center v. Quezon City, GR 144104, June 29, 2004
Guingona, Jr. v. Carague, 196 SCRA 221
PCGG v. Cocofed, GR 147062-64, December 14, 2001
Osmena v. Orbos, 220 SCRA 703


VI.   EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT

Executive Power
Marcos v. Manglapus, 177 SCRA 668
Province of North Cotabato v. GRP,  568 SCRA 402
Sanlakas v. Executive Secretary, 421 SCRA 656
Rubrico v. Macapagal-Arroyo, G.R. 183871, February 18, 2010

Immunity from Suit and Executive Privilege
Soliven v. Makasiar, 167 SCRA 393
Senate v. Ermita, GR 169777, April 20, 2006
Neri v. Senate, supra

Incapacity, Succession, and Prohibitions
Esttrada v. Arroyo, GR 146738, March 2, 2001
Civil Liberties Union v. Executive Secretary, 194 SCRA 317
Public Interest Group v. Elma, GR 138965, June 30, 2006

Appoinment
Pimentel, Jr. v. Ermita, GR 164978, October 13, 2005
Roxas v. Lopez,  17 SCRA 756
Sarmiento v. Mison, 156 SCRA 549
Bautista v. Salonga, 172 SCRA 160
Rufino v. Endriga, GR 139554, July 21, 2006
Matibag v. Benipayo, GR 149036, April 2, 2002
Guevara v. Inocentes, 16 SCRA 389

Control
Villena v. Secretary of Interior, 67 Phil. 451
Anak Mindanao v. Executive Secretary, GR 166052, August 29, 2007
Ang-Angco v. Castillo, 9 SCRA 619
Villaluz v. Zaldivar, 15 SCRA 710
Blanquera, et al, v. Alcala, GR 109406, September 11, 1998

Commander-in-Chief and Military Powers
Lansang v. Garcia, 42 SCRA 448
Lacson v. Secretary Perez, GR 147780, May 10, 2001
David v. Ermita, GR 171409, May 3, 2006
IBP v. Zamora, GR 141284, August 15, 2004
Gudani v. Senga, GR 170165, April 15, 2006

Pardon, Executive Agreements, Foreign Affairs
Llamas v. Orbos, 202 SCRA 844
Barrioquinto v. Fernandez, 82 Phil. 642
Monsanto v. Factoran, Jr., 170 SCRA 190
Bayan v. Executive Secretary, GR 138570, October 10, 2000
Tan Tong v. Deportation Board, 96 Phil. 934
Akbayan Citizens Action Party, et al v. Thomas Aquino, et al, GR 170516,  July 16, 2008
Bayan Muna v. Romulo, 641 SCRA 244

VII.  CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSIONS

Common Provisions
Ombudsman v. Civil Service Commission, GR 159940, February 16, 2005
Civil Service Commission v. Department of Budget, GR 158791, July 22, 2005
Civil Service Commission v. Department of Budget, GR 158791, February 10, 2006
ABS-CBN v. Comelec, 323 SCRA 611

Civil Service Commission
Gaminde v. Commission on Audit, GR No. 140335, December 13, 2000
Brillantes, Jr. v. Yorac, GR 93867, December 18, 1990
Economic Intelligence and  Investigation Bureau v. Court of Appeals, GR 129133, Nov. 25, 1998
PNOC-Energy Development Corp. v. Leogardo, GR 58494, July 5, 1989
Gamogamo v. PNOC Shipping, GR 141707, May 7, 2002
Zalasar v. Mathay, 73 SCRA 275
Delos Santos v. Mallari, 87 Phil. 298
Civil Service Commission v. Salay, GR 123708, June 19, 1997
Civil Service Commission v. Lucas, GR 127838, January 21, 1999
Abakada Guru v. Purisima, GR 166715, August 14, 2008
Cannonizado, et al v. Aguirre, GR 1331132, January 25, 2000
Dimayuga v. Denedicto II, GR 144153, January 16, 2002
Republic v. Court of Appeals, GR 87676, December 20, 1989

Commission on Elections
Matibag v. Benipayo, GR 149036, April 2, 2002
Javier v. Commission on Elections, GR L-12596, July 31, 1958
Nacionalista Party v. Commission on Elections, 85 Phil. 149
Ututalam v. Commission on Elections, 15 SCRA 469
Biliwang v. Comelec,  114 SCRA 454
Abainza v. Arellano, GR 181644, December 8, 2008
Baytan v. Comelec, GR 153945, February 4, 2003
People v. Judge Inting, 187 SCRA 788
Tan v. Comelec, GR 112093, October 4, 1994
Alunan III v. Mirasol, GR 108399, July 31, 1997
National Press Club v. Commission on Elections, 207 SCRA 1
Philippine Press Institute v. Commission on Elections, GR 119654, May 22, 1995
SWS v. Comelec, GR 147571, May 5, 2001

Commission on Audit
DBP v. Commission on Audit, 231 SCRA 202
Phil. Operations, Inc. v. Auditor General, 94 Phil. 868
Parreno v. COA, GR 162224, June 7, 2007
Uy, et al v. COA, GR 130685, March 21, 2000
Guevarra v. Gimenez,  6 SCRA 807
Dingcong v. Guingona, Jr., 162 SCRA 782
National Housing Corp v. Commission on Audit,  226 SCRA 55
Sambell v. Province of Isabela, GR 92279, June 18, 1992
Development Bank of the Phils., v. Commission on Audit, GR 88435, January 16, 2002


VIII.   NATIONAL ECONOMY AND PATRIMONY

Garcia v. Board of Investments, 191 SCRA 288
Lee Hong Hok v. David, 48 SCRA 372
Carino v. Insular Government, 41 Phil. 935
Republic v. Quasha, 46 SCRA 160
Krivenko v. Register of Deeds, 79 Phil. 461
Chavez v. NHA, GR 164527, August 15, 2007
DENR Secretary v. Mayor Yap, GR 166707, October 8, 2008
Laurel v. Garcia, 187 SCRA 797
Chavez v. Public Estates Authority, et al, GR 133250, July 9, 2002
Director of Lands v. IAC, 146 SCRA 509
Cruz v. Secretary, GR 135385, December 6, 2000
Cheesman v. IAC, 193 SCRA 93
Ramirez v. Vda de Ramirez,  111 SCRA 704
Hulst v. PR Builders, GR 156364, September 25, 2008
J.G. Summit v. CA, GR 124293, January 31, 2005
Philippine Banking Corp. v. Lui She,  21 SCRA 52
Manila Prince Hotel v. GSIS, GR 122156, February 3, 1997
La Bugal-B’Laan Tribal Associaiton, et al, v. Ramos, et al, GR 127882, December 1, 2004


IX.   LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Magtajas v. Pryce Properties, 234 SCRA 255
Laguna Lake Development Authority v. Court of Appeals, GR 120865-71, December 7, 1995
Garcia v. Commission on Elections, 227 SCRA 100
Ganzon v. Court of Appeals, 200 SCRA  271
Manila Electric Company v. Province of Laguna, GR 131359, May 5, 1999
Yamane v. BA Lepanto Condominium, GR 154993, October 25, 2005
Borja, Jr. v. Commission on Elections, GR 133495, September 3, 1998
Pandi v. Court of Appeals, GR 116850, April 11, 2002
Abbas v. Comelec, 179 SCRA 287
Sema v. Comelec, GR 177597, July 16, 2008


X.   ACCOUNTABILITY OF PUBLIC OFFICERS

Abakada Guro v. Purisima, GR 166715, August 14, 2008
Francisco v. House Speaker, GR 160261, November 10, 2003
Estrada v. Desierto, GR 146710-15, March 2, 2001
Ombudsman v. CSC, GR 162215, July 30, 2007
Villasenor v. Sandiganbayan, GR 180700, March 4, 2008


XI.   ACADEMIC FREEDOM

Department of Education, Culture and Sports v. San Diego, GR 89572, December 21, 1989
Tablarin v. Gutierrez, 152 SCRA 730
Garcia v. Faculty Admissions Committee, 68 SCRA 277
Montemayor v. Araneta University Foundation, 77 SCRA  321
Angeles v. Sison, 112 SCRA 26
UP Board of Regents v. Court of Appeals, GR 134829, August 31, 1999
Morales v. Board of Regents, GR 161172, December 13, 2004
Guzman v. National University, 142 SCRA 699
Miriam College Foundation v. Court of Appeals, GR 127930, December 15, 2000


XII.   AMENDMENT AND REVISION OF CONSTITUTION

Gonzales v. Comelec, 21 SCRA 774
Occena v. Comelec, 104 SCRA 1
Tolentino v. Comission on Elections, 41 SCRA 702
Almario v. Alba, 127 SCRA 69
Defensor Santiago v. Comelec, GR 127325, March 19, 1997
Tolentino v. Comelec, 41 SCRA 702
Lambino, et al v. Comelec, GR 174153, October 25, 2006



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